How do you do condensation polymerization?

Condensation polymers are formed by polycondensation, when the polymer is formed by condensation reactions between species of all degrees of polymerization, or by condensative chain polymerization, when the polymer is formed by sequential addition (by condensation reaction) of monomers to an active site in a chain

Examples of naturally occurring condensation polymers are cellulose, the polypeptide chains of proteins, and poly(β-hydroxybutyric acid), a polyester synthesized in large quantity by certain soil and water bacteria.

Also, what is the difference between condensation and polymerization? The main difference between addition and condensation polymerization is that in addition polymerization the polymers are formed by the addition of monomers with no by-products while in condensation polymerization polymers are formed due to the condensation of two different monomers resulting in the formation of small

Moreover, how do you break down condensation polymers?

Condensation polymers can be broken down by the reaction with water – hydrolysis. This can be done under both acidic and basic conditions. In polyesters the ester link breaks; in polyamides the amide link breaks.

What is condensation polymerisation GCSE?

Condensation polymers. Some polymers are made via condensation polymerisation . In condensation polymerisation, a small molecule is formed as a by-product each time a bond is formed between two monomers . This small molecule is often water. An example of a condensation polymer is nylon.

What are the two types of polymerization?

There are two basic types of polymerization, chain-reaction (or addition) and step-reaction (or condensation) polymerization. One of the most common types of polymer reactions is chain-reaction (addition) polymerization. This type of polymerization is a three step process involving two chemical entities.

What are the 2 products of condensation polymerization?

Common condensation polymers include polyamides, polyacetals, and proteins.

Which is a characteristic of condensation polymerization?

The monomers for condensation polymerization have two main characteristics:. Instead of double bonds, these monomers have functional groups (like alcohol, amine, or carboxylic acid groups). Each monomer has at least two reactive sites, which usually means two functional groups.

Is Teflon a condensation polymer?

Condensation polymers. Addition polymers include polyethylene, polypropylene, Teflon, Lucite, and rubber. etc. Condensation polymers include nylon, Dacron, and Formica.

What type of condensation polymer is PET?

Polyesters such as PET (polyethylene terephthalate) are condensation polymers. The formation of a polyester follows the same procedure as in the synthesis of a simple ester. The only difference is that both the alcohol and the acid monomer units each have two functional groups – one on each end of the molecule.

How are polyamides formed?

All polyamides are made by the formation of an amide function to link two molecules of monomer together. The monomers can be amides themselves (usually in the form of a cyclic lactam such as caprolactam), α,ω-amino acids or a stoichiometric mixture of a diamine and a diacid.

What is the monomer of polyester?

Polyester is made up of the monomer which is a combination of Ethane-1,2-diol and benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (terephthalic acid). The polyesters have a wide number of uses depending upon the orientation of the different monomers present in the polymer.

What is the byproduct of condensation reaction?

The byproduct of this condensation reaction is water. The simplest form of nylon is Nylon 6 which is made from the amino acid 6-aminohexanoic acid. Water is also produced in this condensation reaction.

What is the process of polymerisation?

In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks. There are many forms of polymerization and different systems exist to categorize them.

Is PVC condensation polymer?

Examples: polyethylene, polypropylene, P.V.C(Poly Vinyl Chloride), teflone. Condensation polymers are formed by the combination of monomers with the elimination of simple molecules such as H2O or CH3OH. There are two types of Condensation polymers: 1.

How are polyesters formed?

Synthetic polyester is made using a chemical reaction involving coal, petroleum, air and water. This material is made up of purified terephthalic acid (PTS) or its dimethyl ester dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and monotheluene glycol (MEG).

Are protein polymers formed by addition or condensation?

Proteins are formed in a condensation reaction when amino acid molecules join together and a water molecule is removed. The new bond formed in protein molecules where amino acids have joined (-CONH) is called an amide link or a peptide link.

Why is nylon 6 a condensation polymer?

It is a semicrystalline polyamide. Unlike most other nylons, nylon 6 is not a condensation polymer, but instead is formed by ring-opening polymerization; this makes it a special case in the comparison between condensation and addition polymers.